Nowadays, the practice of yoga means asanas and breathing practices to many. In this article, we will try to understand in depth about Prithvi Mudra or Earth Mudra, a subtler element of Yoga Vigyan (Yoga Science) along with its meaning and Benefits.
Yoga is not only limited to the Pranayama (Breathing Exercise) and Asanas (Postures).
Still, there is a lesser-known, more detailed branch of yoga: Yog Tatva Mudra Vigyan or the science of yoga mudras.
The Science of Yoga mudra is all dependent on the Pancha Bhoota or Pancha Maha-Bhoota.
Pancha Maha-Bhoota or five physical elements is a group of five essential elements, which, according to Vedas, is the basis of all universal creation.
These five elements are:
- Prithvi/Bhudevi (Earth)
- Apas/Varuna/Jal (Water),
- Agni (Fire),
- Vayu (Air),
- Aakasha/Dyaus (Aether)
According to Ayurveda and Yoga, the human body is considered to be made up of these five elements.
Pancha Bhootas are connected with the overall well-being of the human being.
Any dysfunction or sickness in the human body indicates an imbalance of one or more of these elements.
Yoga Tattva Mudra Vijnana associates these five elements to five fingers of a human being.
As our fingers have the characteristic of these elements, and each of these five elements has a specific and essential function inside the body.
The use of Mudras adjusts the flow of energy – affecting the balance of air, fire, water, earth, ether
Different Mudras were developed to balance these in the human body, which forms the Hasta Mudra in yogic tradition and is also used in Naturopathy.
In ancient times, the sages used to perform yoga mudras to keep the five elements inside the body balanced with air, water, fire, earth, and sky.
Here we will try to understand what Prithvi mudra is and why it is necessary, benefits of Prithvi mudra, and how to do and side effects also.
Prithvi Mudra Meaning
Before understanding the meaning of the Prithvi Mudra first, let’s try to know a few essential points about Yog Tatva Mudra Vigyan.
According to Mudra Vigyan, every finger of the hand represents one of the Pancha Bhoota.
Here Thumb represents the Fire element, Index Finger is associated with Air element, Middle Finger is linked with Aether or Space element, Ring finger and pinky Finger represents Earth element and Water element, respectively.
Prithvi Mudra is a practical kind of Mudra.
Definition – What does Prithvi Mudra mean?
Prithvi Mudra is a Sanskrit word.
In Sanskrit, ‘Prithvi‘ means ‘Earth,’ and ‘Mudra,’ refers to ‘Gesture,’ ‘Seal,’ or ‘mark.’
So in English, Prithvi mudra is termed as the ‘Gesture of the Earth.’
Thus Prithvi mudra is a symbolic gesture of the hands often practiced as part of meditation and also as part of therapeutic yoga sequences in Ayurveda or a spiritual yoga practice to promote healing and mental stability within the body by balancing the disorder caused by the Prithvi Element.
We know that Prithvi (Earth) element is Associated with the Ring or Anamika Finger.
Hence, hand gestures made with an Anamika finger is also known as Prithvi Mudra (Mudra of Earth).
For the preparation of this mudra, the thumb and ring fingers are used in both hands. The ring finger denotes the Earth element, whereas the thumb represents the Fire element.
Other names of Prithvi mudra
In Prithvi Mudra, Earth and Fire element plays a prominent role as Earth Mudra is formed by Thumb and Ring or Anamika finger, which is associated with Fire and Earth elements, respectively.
According to Yoga Mudra Vigyan, the action of Prithvi i.e., Earth is Dominant over the Agni i.e., Fire.
So by this nature of Mudra, it is also named Prithvi-Vardhak Mudra.
Prithvi-Vardhak is a Sanskrit word where ‘Prithvi‘ means ‘Earth‘ and ‘Vardhak‘ Means ‘Increasing.’
So Prithvi-Vardhak Mudra means Prithvi increasing Mudra or Earth increasing Mudra.
As Prithvi is dominant, which means Agni is Inferior.
So by this property of Earth Mudra, it is named Agni-Shamak Mudra.
It is also a Sanskrit word where ‘Shamak‘ signifies ‘Extinguisher,’ or ‘Reducer.’
Thus, Agni-Shamak Mudra means ‘Fire reducing Mudra.’
How to do Prithvi Mudra?
Well, Practising Prithvi-Vardhak Mudra or Mudra of Earth is very easy, unlike other yoga asanas that require proper preparation, practice, and determination.
Though it is quite easy to perform but it is essential to know and learn the correct technique to perform any Yog Mudra.
Complementary medicine or Alternate Medicine is only effective after you have mastered the art of practicing the technique perfectly and precisely.
(Earth Mudra) Prithvi Mudra Procedure & steps
It is a pretty simple yogic hand gesture that is performed by the ring finger and thumb. Firstly, you have to bring the ring finger and the thumb closer.
Time needed: 10 minutes.
Here are some simple steps that will explain how to do this Prithvi Hasta Mudra:
First and foremost, step while performing yoga or any yoga Mudra is to relax and calm the mind.
So sit in Sukhasana or any comfortable meditative posture and close your eyes, remove all thoughts from the mind and take three deep breaths and chant three long Omkaras.
- Sit in comfortable Posture
Meditation postures like Padmasana, Swastikasana, Siddhasana, etc. are excellent for the practice of mudras.
- Properly place your hands
Now, while sitting in a comfortable posture, place the hands with the palms facing upwards on the thighs or above the knees.
- Form the Mudra
Now slowly fold your ring finger and tap the tip of the ring finger or Anamika finger to the tip of the thumb with little pressure. And try to keep the rest of the three fingers extended and straight as much as possible. Besides, it should be done with both hands simultaneously.
- Maintain the Mudra
Try to maintain the Prithvi Mudra for a minimum of five to ten minutes.
How does Earth Mudra Work?
A steady-state of 5 vital elements shows the effective working of body & mind.
So, when there is an imbalance or disturbance in five elements, it can result in trouble in body and mind to experience the ill effects of diseases.
Thus Mudras helps us to maintain the balance of these five elements within the body. When thumb (fire element) bought in connection with any of the four fingers (other four elements), it means these four elements have come in a balanced state.
As we combine thumb and ring finger in the Prithvi Mudra, the earth element increases in the body.
Also When you hold Prithvi mudra, the energy center or gland corresponding to Prithvi Element in the body gets stimulated in the brain.
In this process, the brain got a signal to adjust or modify the energy pattern within the body & it does it by regulating Prana flow. Thus, as a result, corresponding dysfunction or disturbance occurred in the body gets cured.
The Earth element is responsible for creating and nurturing parts in the body such as the skin, hair, nails, muscles, tendons, Vitamins.
When we practice Prithvi mudra disease or disturbance caused by the above mention body parts get cured.
As Prithvi Mudra enhances prana flow towards the affected body part due to which body’s natural recovery mechanism focus get toward the affected portion and its get cured.
Effect of Earth Mudra on Body
Prithvi mudra benefits the body in two ways, i.e., it works on the body as Prithvi-Vardhak (Earth Increasing) and similarly as Agni-Shamak (Fire Reducing).
Hence, the practice of this Mudra is useful to increase the earth element and decrease the fire element within the body.
We can perform this Mudra either to increase/ balance Prithvi (Earth) element or to reduce the Agni (fire) in the body.
Thus this Mudra helps to eradicate chronic weakness, general debility, convalescence, lack of stamina & Energy, Inexplicable weight-loss, and emaciation.
Effects of Prithvi-Vardhak Mudra practice
Prithvi-vardhak mudra strengthens or increases the Prithvi (earth) element within the body.
The element earth is an essential ingredient of bodily tissues like bones, cartilage, nails, skin, hair, muscles, flesh, internal organs, etc. and is also crucial for the Vitamins the body.
The practice of Prithvi-vardhak mudra builds and invigorates these tissues and maintains the Vitamins in the body as the earth is the mother source of all-natural Minerals and Vitamins.
The earth element is also connected with the nose (smell). Therefore, Prithvi-vardhak mudra can be practiced to overcome or to cure nasal dysfunctions.
Additionally, the earth element is also related to the bodily humor Kapha. The practice of Prithvi-vardhak mudra strengthens the Kapha humor in the body.
Agni-Shamak effect of this mudra
The element Agni (fire) is involved with body-temperature and metabolism. Thus Agni-Shamak Mudra reduces the fire. Therefore it can be used to soothe an overactive Agni and overcome ailments of Agni-excess like inflammation, anorexia, fever, etc.
The element fire is also responsible for bodily humor Pitta. Therefore, Agni-Shamak mudra is an excellent mudra for people with active Pitta nature.
When should we do Earth Mudra?
After knowing the procedure and steps to perform Earth Mudra, a question that appears in most of us mind is that when should we practice Prithvi Mudra so that we can gain maximum benefits out of it.
The best time to do any yoga practice, Pranayama and Yoga Mudra, such as Prithvi Mudra, is in the early morning and evening.
One thing we should remember that to gain maximum benefits from Prithvi Mudra or any Yog mudra, we must perform it on an empty stomach. So Early morning and evening is the ideal time to perform this Mudra.
But of course, practicing it is not restricted only in the morning and evening, we can practice it any time of the day while watching T.V., listening to music. Etc. But try to practice it on an empty stomach sitting in any meditative posture to gain maximum benefits quickly.
To gain more Spiritual as well as physical benefits, try to perform Mudra of the earth early in the morning between 4 A.M. to 6 A.M. while performing Meditation or chanting any Vedic Mantra.
How much time should I do Earth Mudra?
Try to practice this Mudra at least 10 min a day, in the morning before breakfast or in the evening before dinner.
But Shastras and Yoga experts recommend practicing any yoga mudra for thirty to forty minutes. So try to practice Prithvi mudra for 30 minutes a day. If you are unable to practice it for thirty to forty minutes, try to practice it for ten to fifteen minutes twice or thrice a day.
If you are not suffering from any significant health issue, it is enough to practice it for 10 minutes. But if you are facing any Prithvi related health issues, then you have to practice it for the recommended time of 30 to 40 minutes to gain benefits as soon as possible.
Thus the more you spend time and practice, the faster you get the results and quicker your problem will be solved.
(Earth Mudra) Prithvi Mudra Benefits
There are lots of benefits of practicing this fantastic yoga mudra. One of the core purposes of Earth mudra is to increase the content of vitality i.e., to improve the earth element in the body.
The ring finger used while performing Mudra of Earth is the symbol of the Earth element that takes care of the skin, hair, nails, muscles, tendons, internal organs, parts in the body.
Thus the earth element is the prime component for tissue growth. The Major benefit that we get from Prithvi mudra is the balancing of the earth element within the body. And the other benefits that we get are the result of the balanced earth element.
Let’s see the Benefits of performing Prithvi Mudra:
1. Prithvi mudra Benefit for Hair Regrowth
No matter how healthy and lustrous your hair may be, hair fall will undoubtedly be a point of concern at some point in life. Sadly, hair loss and thinning are becoming one of the most common problems we as a generation face today.
Since ages, Prithvi Mudra is used to enhancing hair growth and hair qualities.
Most of the hair problems are the result of the bad scalp. Thus Prithvi mudra helps to balance the Earth element. The Earth element is responsible for creating and nurturing the hair and hair follicle.
Hence practicing mudra of earth, in turn, enhances the quality of hair by strengthening them and making them thick and shiny. It will enhance the health of the scalp, which strengthens your hair follicles and, in turn, prevents hair fall or premature greying and regeneration of hair.
Along with this mudra, you can also practice Balayam Yoga or Nail Rubbing Exercise for Natural Hair Growth.
2. Prithvi Mudra for Weight Loss and Weight Gain
Prithvi Mudra can be useful for both weight loss as well as weight gain. But this Mudra is more beneficial for weight gain.
Generally, weight gain is due to an increase in muscle mass, fat deposits, excess fluids such as water, or due to disturbed body’s metabolism. Majority times, the increase in weight is due to the rise in muscle mass or due to metabolism.
We know that Earth mudra is responsible for the nurturing and creation of body muscles and tendons, and it also helps to maintain the body’s metabolism.
Thus Mudra of earth plays a considerable role in controlling the weight of the body. It helps to maintain the body’s weight by regulating the body’s muscle weight as well as metabolism.
Hence higher the metabolism and lower the muscle weight, the higher will be the loss in weight. On the other hand, the lower the metabolism and higher the muscle weight, the lesser will be the loss of weight.
Also, you can hold Prithvi Mudra during Pranayama to lose weight. Therefore we can say Prithvi mudra is beneficial for Weight loss as well as weight gain.
Moreover, Prithvi mudra additionally helps in keeping a strong check on the digestion and also reduces cholesterol.
3. Earth Mudra for Heat and Ulcers
Mudra of Earth not only increases the earth element in the body, but it is also used to reduce the Agni fire element from the body.
As we know, the earth element is also known for its coolness; thus Agni-Shamak effect of this mudra is beneficial to reduce the excess heat from the body.
The regular practice of Prithvi Mudra helps to maintain the body’s temperature. This further reduces most of the problems caused by the heat.
Hence Prithvi mudra is suitable to keep the ulcers in control. It is also helpful for those suffering from fever. Even Burning sensation in eyes, stomach acidity, hands, or feet is pacified.
4. Prithvi Mudra Increases Energy and Endurance
Prithvi Mudra is associated with the Muladhara Chakra or the Root chakra. Practicing Earth mudra elevates the prana level upwards from root Muladhara. This part, we will see in the Spiritual benefit of Prithvi Mudra.
Thus With the practice of Mudra of Earth, the energy level in the body is improved, which results in warding off dizziness, fatigue, and laziness.
It helps in building endurance when the physical body gets energized. If an individual regularly practices this mudra, then he or she can help to improve the strength of the body and helps to keep the body stable.
Additionally, Earth Mudra helps to strengthen the self-confidence of the individual.
5. Spiritual benefits of Prithvi mudra
Prithvi mudra has a lot of spiritual benefits. Earth mudra is related to the earth element, which is associated with the Muladhara Chakra.
As Earth mudra balances the earth within which stimulates and energizes of Muladhara Chakra or Root chakra, which is the seat of Kundalini Energy.
Muladhara is considered the basis of the “Energy Body.”
Thus practicing this mudra increases the Prana flow upward quickly from the base of the spine, thereby stimulating the nerves and sustaining the right balance within the body.
The practice of Prithvi Mudra will ensure the stimulation and activation of this chakra, with the targeted activation of the Muladhara or root chakra, we are anchored and strengthened in our core trust.
Hence, because of this, meditation becomes more comfortable, and also we can practice this mudra as part of meditation.
After practicing earth mudra with meditation, we will feel relaxed and energized. Ultimately, this practice can help us in deepening the meditation practices by drawing ourselves inwards and slowly leading to a better spiritual experience.
6. Helps to balance Khapa dosha
Kapha forms in the body when Water and Earth elements meet.
Thus lower earth elements can cause a decrease or imbalance in the Kapha level in the body.
So practicing Earth mudra increases earth element in the body, which eventually helps to balance the Kapha in the body.
Kapha dosha helps in controlling muscle growth, weight, body strength and stability, and your immune system.
This mudra increases the Earth element in the body, which increases the immunity of the body, which fights various types of diseases.
Other Benefits of Prithvi Mudra
- Prithvi mudra is beneficial for the skin. The element Prithvi makes the skin-tight, smooth, and glowing. If you want smooth skin do visit Tips for Smooth Body.
- Earth mudra helps to increase the vitamins and minerals in the body as the earth is the storehouse of these vital minerals and vitamins.
- It helps to reduce all physical weakness.
- It makes the body and mind more stable and concentrated.
- Assists overactive thyroid/hypothyroidism as Prithvi mudra is beneficial for controlling the body weight. You can also try Ujjayi Pranayama along with this mudra to reduce thyroid-related problems.
- It enhances emotions such as love, kindness, tolerance, and joy
Who Should Avoid Practising Mudra of Earth?
- Prithvi mudra can slightly increase body weight, so this mudra should be practiced by individuals who are overweight under the observation of yoga teachers or experts.
- Those who have an excess of Kapha in their bodies should avoid practicing this mudra as it can further increase Kapha in the body.
- People who have Asthma should try to avoid this mudra.
Side Effect of Prithvi Mudra (Earth Mudra)
Undoubtedly, touching your thumb and ring finger will not cause you any problems. Thus Prithvi Mudra has Zero Side Effects. Practicing Earth Mudra or any Yoga Mudra does not lead you to health problems or any disorder for sure.
Prithvi mudra is considered to be a very beneficial yoga mudra, but if performed in a wrong way, the Mudra does have a few side effects.
If not done correctly it is possible that you may hold a wrong mudra possibly Agni mudra or Surya Mudra, which has opposite effects from Earth Mudra. Surya Mudra or Agni mudra is similar to earth Mudra because in this Mudra also thumb and ring finger is used but in a different way.
So check the Image below before practicing Prithvi Mudra. Also, people having asthma and high Khapa should try to avoid doing this Mudra or should be done under the supervision of yoga Experts.
A Word of Caution
- Be careful while performing Mudra of earth, mistakenly you may hold different Mudra most probably Agni Mudra.
- Don’t forget to put very slight pressure between the fingers.
- If you have asthma or any breathing-related issue, then practice this Mudra carefully.
- Try to perform this Mudra on an empty stomach by sitting in any meditative posture.
- Keep your hand light don’t put any stress because that can lead to disturbance of energy while practicing.
- Prithvi Mudra is a Sanskrit word. In English, it is termed as the ‘Gesture of the Earth.
- Earth Mudra is a practical kind of Mudra.
- In Prithvi Mudra, Earth and Fire element plays a prominent role as Earth Mudra is formed by Thumb and Ring or Anamika finger, which is associated with Fire and Earth elements, respectively.
- Prithvi Mudra or Earth mudra is also known as Prithvi-Vardhak Mudra and Agni-Shamak Mudra.
- There are lots of benefits of practicing this fantastic yoga mudra. One of the core purposes of Earth mudra is to increase the content of vitality i.e., to improve the earth element in the body.
Prithvi Mudra is one of the best Mudra. Don’t forget to practice this wonderful Mudra and get various health benefits. Also, share this article on Prithvi Mudra and its Benefits with your close ones and friends to gain benefits of this fantastic yoga mudra.
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Prithvi mudra FAQ
What are the benefits of Prithvi Mudra?
1. Promotes hair growth.
2. Helps in Weight gain.
3. Reduces Heat from the body.
4. Increases Energy and Endurance.
5. Boosts Spiritual Stability.
6. Helps to Balance Kapha Dosha
Which Mudra is best for hair growth?
Prithvi Mudra is very beneficial for hair growth. Prithvi mudra helps to balance the Earth element. The Earth element is responsible for creating and nurturing the hair and hair follicle.
Can we do mudras after eating?
It can be practiced at any time after or before eating. There is not any hard and fast rule to practice Mudra. But practicing Yoga Mudra empty stomach is more beneficial as it will enhance the process of Energy flow.